Benefits, Maintenance, And Design Of Sand Tennis Courts

By Patrick

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Discover the advantages of playing on a sand tennis court, including reduced impact on joints and increased resistance training. Find out how to maintain and design a court, and learn strategies for playing on it, as well as preventing common injuries.

Benefits of Playing on a Sand Tennis Court

Playing tennis on a sand court can be a unique and enjoyable experience. But did you know that it also offers numerous for your body and your game? Let’s explore some of the advantages of playing on a sand tennis court.

Reduced Impact on Joints

One of the most significant of playing on a sand tennis court is the reduced impact on your joints. Sand absorbs shock better than other surfaces, such as concrete or asphalt, which can be hard on your knees, hips, and ankles. The softer surface of a sand court can help prevent injuries and reduce the strain on your joints, making it an ideal option for those who are prone to joint pain or have prior injuries.

Increased Resistance Training

Playing tennis on a sand court also offers increased resistance training. The soft sand surface requires you to use more effort and energy to move around the court, which can help build strength in your legs, core, and upper body. By playing on a sand court, you can improve your overall fitness and endurance, making you a better athlete.

Improved Footwork

Another benefit of playing on a sand tennis court is improved footwork. The sand surface is more challenging to move on than other surfaces, which requires you to use quick, precise movements to stay balanced and stable. This can help improve your footwork and agility, making you a more effective player on any surface.

Maintaining a Sand Tennis Court

Playing on a well-maintained sand tennis court is a dream come true for any tennis enthusiast. However, this dream can quickly turn into a nightmare if the court is not adequately taken care of. Proper is key to keeping the court in top condition and ensuring that players enjoy their game without any hitches. In this section, we’ll discuss the three essential aspects of maintaining a sand tennis court: regular grooming, watering, and resurfacing.

Regular Grooming

Regular grooming is crucial to keeping the sand court in good shape. Grooming helps to maintain the correct level of sand, ensuring that the surface is even and free of bumps. It also helps to prevent the buildup of debris such as leaves, twigs, and rocks, which can make the surface uneven and dangerous to play on.

To groom the court, start by removing any debris using a leaf blower or a broom. Next, use a drag mat or a drag brush to even out the sand and prevent the buildup of low spots. Finally, use a water roller to compact the sand and make it firm.


Watering is another essential aspect of maintaining a sand tennis court. Water helps to keep the sand moist, preventing it from drying out and becoming too loose. It also helps to settle the sand, making the surface more stable and easier to play on.

To water the court, use a sprinkler system or a hosepipe. Ensure that the water is spread evenly across the court, and avoid over-watering as this can make the surface too soft.


Resurfacing is necessary when the sand court becomes too worn out or damaged. Resurfacing involves removing the existing sand layer and replacing it with a new one. This helps to restore the court to its original condition and ensures that players can continue to enjoy their game without any hitches.

Resurfacing should be done at least once a year, depending on the frequency of use and the level of wear and tear. It is advisable to seek the services of a professional to ensure that the resurfacing is done correctly.

Choosing the Right Sand for a Tennis Court

When it comes to building a sand tennis court, choosing the right sand is essential to ensure a professional playing experience. The right sand will provide the necessary cushioning, traction, and drainage required for optimal gameplay. Here are some factors to consider when selecting sand for your tennis court.

Grain Size

The grain size of the sand plays a crucial role in the performance of a tennis court. The size of the grains should be between 0.5mm and 2mm, as this provides the perfect balance of cushioning and stability. Sand with larger grains sizes will not provide the necessary cushioning, while sand with smaller grain sizes will not provide the required stability.


Angularity refers to the shape of the sand particles. Angular sand particles provide better traction as they interlock with each other, creating a stable playing surface. Rounded particles, on the other hand, provide a more cushioned surface, but can cause instability and slipperiness. Therefore, it is recommended to use angular sand for a sand tennis court.


Contamination can significantly impact the quality of a sand tennis court. Contaminants such as clay, silt, and organic matter can cause the sand to compact, reducing its cushioning and drainage capabilities. It is important to source sand that is free from contaminants and has been washed and screened to remove any impurities.

Designing a Sand Tennis Court

If you’re considering building a sand tennis court, it’s essential to know the design elements that will ensure optimal playing conditions. Here are a few things to consider:

Court Dimensions

The standard size of a tennis court is 78 feet long and 36 feet wide. However, the dimensions of a sand tennis court can vary depending on the available space and the intended use. For example, if the court is primarily for recreational use, a smaller size may be appropriate. It’s also essential to consider the height of the surrounding fence to prevent balls from flying out of the court.

Court Orientation

The orientation of a tennis court can affect the playing conditions. Ideally, the court should be oriented north-south to prevent the sun from shining in the players’ eyes during play. However, if this is not possible due to space limitations, consider orienting the court in a way that minimizes the impact of the sun.


Proper drainage is crucial for a sand tennis court, as the sand can become waterlogged and muddy after rainfall. The court should be sloped to allow water to drain off the surface quickly. Additionally, a drainage system can be installed to channel water away from the court more effectively. This will ensure that the court remains playable even after heavy rains.

Playing Strategies on a Sand Tennis Court

When it comes to playing on a sand tennis court, there are a few key strategies that can help you perform at your best. Whether you’re a seasoned pro or a beginner, the following tips can help you get the most out of your game.

Importance of Movement

One of the most important things to keep in mind when playing on a sand court is movement. Sand can be challenging to move on, but it’s important to stay light on your feet and maintain a quick pace. This will help you get to the ball faster and make more accurate shots.

To improve your movement, practice footwork drills that focus on agility and quickness. Also, make sure to wear shoes with good traction to help you grip the sand and avoid slipping.

Serving Techniques

Serving on a sand court can also be challenging, but with the right technique, you can make it work in your favor. When serving, make sure to hit the ball with a high toss and follow through with your swing. This will help you generate more power and get the ball over the net.

It’s also important to vary your serve to keep your opponent guessing. Mix up your serves with different speeds, spins, and placements to keep them on their toes.

Hitting the Ball Flat or with Topspin

Another key strategy when playing on a sand court is to vary your shots between hitting the ball flat and with topspin. Hitting the ball flat can be effective on a sand court because it allows the ball to bounce low and stay close to the ground, making it harder for your opponent to return.

On the other hand, hitting the ball with topspin can be effective because it causes the ball to bounce higher, making it more challenging for your opponent to return. To master topspin shots, practice hitting the ball with a slight upward swing, brushing the ball with the racquet strings.

Common Injuries and Prevention

Tennis is a physically demanding sport that requires a lot of movement and agility. Unfortunately, injuries can happen at any time, and players need to be prepared to avoid them. In this section, we will discuss some common injuries in sand tennis and how to prevent them.

Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries in tennis, and they can happen on any surface, including sand courts. A sprain occurs when the ligaments that connect the bones in the ankle stretch or tear. This can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty walking.

To prevent ankle sprains, players should wear proper footwear with good ankle support. Shoes with ankle straps or high-tops can provide extra stability and prevent excessive ankle movement. Additionally, players should warm up before playing and stretch their ankles and calves to increase flexibility.


Abrasions are another common injury in sand tennis, particularly on the knees and elbows. Sand can be abrasive, and diving or sliding on the court can cause scrapes and cuts.

To prevent abrasions, players should wear long pants and sleeves or protective gear like knee and elbow pads. They should also avoid diving or sliding unnecessarily and try to stay on their feet as much as possible.

Proper Footwear

As mentioned earlier, proper footwear is crucial for preventing ankle sprains, but it also plays a significant role in preventing other injuries. Shoes should fit well and provide good traction on the sand surface. They should also have a cushioned sole to absorb shock and reduce the impact on joints.

Players should avoid wearing old or worn-out shoes, as they can increase the risk of injury. It is also essential to choose shoes that are specifically designed for tennis, as they provide the right support and stability.

In conclusion, injuries are an unfortunate part of tennis, but they can be prevented with proper precautions. Players should always wear proper footwear, warm-up before playing, and avoid unnecessary movements that could cause injury. By taking these simple steps, players can stay healthy and enjoy the game for years to come.

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